Cause And Effects Of Global Warming Pdf


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25.03.2021 at 03:31
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cause and effects of global warming pdf

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For the warming over the last century, there is no convincing alternative explanation. Global data show that was the warmest year on record and the third consecutive year for record global average surface temperatures. The emission of greenhouses gases GHGs , 6 which move about in the atmosphere, is a major cause of global climate change. Even with drastic GHG reductions, almost half of humans will face deadly heat.

Effects of Global Warming

The potential future effects of global climate change include more frequent wildfires, longer periods of drought in some regions and an increase in the number, duration and intensity of tropical storms. Global climate change has already had observable effects on the environment. Glaciers have shrunk, ice on rivers and lakes is breaking up earlier, plant and animal ranges have shifted and trees are flowering sooner. Effects that scientists had predicted in the past would result from global climate change are now occurring: loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise and longer, more intense heat waves. Scientists have high confidence that global temperatures will continue to rise for decades to come, largely due to greenhouse gases produced by human activities.

Global warming is expected to have far-reaching, long-lasting and, in many cases, devastating consequences for planet Earth. Global warming , the gradual heating of Earth's surface, oceans and atmosphere, is caused by human activity, primarily the burning of fossil fuels that pump carbon dioxide CO2 , methane and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. One of the most immediate and obvious effects of global warming is the increase in temperatures around the world. The average global temperature has increased by about 1. That year Earth's surface temperature was 1. Before , was the warmest year on record, globally. And before ?

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Glaciers are melting , sea levels are rising, cloud forests are dying , and wildlife is scrambling to keep pace. It has become clear that humans have caused most of the past century's warming by releasing heat-trapping gases as we power our modern lives. Called greenhouse gases, their levels are higher now than at any time in the last , years. We often call the result global warming, but it is causing a set of changes to the Earth's climate, or long-term weather patterns, that varies from place to place. Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events , shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas , and a range of other impacts. All of those changes are emerging as humans continue to add heat-trapping greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, changing the rhythms of climate that all living things have come to rely on. What will we do—what can we do—to slow this human-caused warming?

Global warming , the phenomenon of increasing average air temperatures near the surface of Earth over the past one to two centuries. Increases in greenhouse gases —i. Continued global warming is expected to impact everything from energy use to water availability to crop productivity throughout the world. Poor countries and communities with limited abilities to adapt to these changes are expected to suffer disproportionately. Global warming is already being associated with increases in the incidence of severe and extreme weather, heavy flooding , and wildfires —phenomena that threaten homes, dams, transportation networks, and other facets of human infrastructure. Temperature increases related to global warming have been the most pronounced at the poles, where they often make the difference between frozen and melted ice. Polar bears rely on small gaps in the ice to hunt their prey.


Changes in climate can cause the polar jet stream — the boundary between the cold North Pole air and the warm equatorial air — to migrate.


Causes of climate change

During the course of global warming, the energy balance and thus the temperature of the earth change, due to the increased concentration of greenhouse gases, which has a significant impact on humans and the environment. It is not scientifically possible to assign individual weather events to the current climate change, however, it can be statistically proven that global warming will increase the probability of extreme weather events. The indirect consequences of climate change, which directly affect us humans and our environment, include:.

List of 10 Human Causes of Global Warming for Without major societal changes over the next decade, the planet will face a global environmental catastrophe that will cause or worsen war, poverty, water shortages and massive species die-offs, or so says a dire report issued in fall While the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report was shocking and disturbing, all hope is not lost.

Global warming

Jump to navigation. And yes, it's really happening. Over the past 50 years, the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history.

Human activity is the main cause of climate change. People burn fossil fuels and convert land from forests to agriculture. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people have burned more and more fossil fuels and changed vast areas of land from forests to farmland. Burning fossil fuels produces carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. The greenhouse effect makes the earth warmer, just as a greenhouse is warmer than its surroundings.

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4 Comments

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30.03.2021 at 09:49 - Reply

This very real threat has dire consequences for our earth and our health. From the causes to prevention, learn the facts you need know.

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Deforestation is also leading to warmer temperatures. The hazard of global warming is continuously causing major damage to the Earth's environment. Most​.

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