Justice And Development Party In Turkey Pdf


By Calanit M.
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25.03.2021 at 02:48
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justice and development party in turkey pdf

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The Justice and Development Party Turkey is a political Islamist group that came to power in through democratic elections. We shall discuss their rise to power, their policies during their time in office, which will include a discussion of issues on religion and governance, as well as an analysis of more recent events in Turkey related to the party.

Turkey’s Political Parties

This is a particularly interesting phenomenon because the great majority of the opposition and other parties believe that the AKP has waged a war against agriculture and farmers with the aim of completely de-agrarianising the country and making it entirely dependent on agricultural imports. During the last fifteen years, the AKP has significantly transformed the Turkish economy, society, and politics. In the economic realm, by privatising the great majority of the state-owned enterprises, the AKP has finished the job that the relatively secular parties of the centre right and left started in the s but had not made comparable progress. In other words, Turkish neoliberalism has been consolidated under the AKP rule. On the other hand, by supporting the Islamist bourgeoisie much more than the secular bourgeoisie through generous government contracts, state bank credits and other favoritisms, AKP has taken significant progress although not completed yet in altering the balance of power within the Turkish bourgeoisie in favor of its Islamist wing. The ruling party has implemented an ambitious project of unmaking the relatively secular character of the state and society and reconstructing them on an Islamist basis.

Rural roots of the rise of the Justice and Development Party in Turkey

Keywords: Justice and Development Party , Turkish politics , conservative democracy , political movement , foreign policy. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription. Please subscribe or login to access full text content. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs , and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us. All Rights Reserved.


Ümit Cizre, Secular and Islamic Politics in Turkey: The Making of the Justice and Development Party (New York: Routledge, ). ○ Cihan Tugal, Passive.


Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

Unlike its predecessors, the AKP did not centre its image around an Islamic identity; indeed, its leaders underscored that it was not an Islamist party and emphasized that its focus was democratization, not the politicization of religion. In spite of the fact that the AKP was a relatively new party, it won enough seats in the November parliamentary elections to earn an absolute majority in the seat parliament. The next year the AKP was broadly successful in municipal elections. In response to the subsequent stalemate, early general elections were held in July of that year and yielded an overwhelming victory for the AKP.

The party suffered a setback in the local elections , losing Istanbul and Ankara and other large cities, losses attributed to the Turkish economic crisis , accusations of authoritarianism, as well as alleged government inaction on the Syrian refugee crisis. Founded in , the party has a strong base of support among pious Muslims and arose from the conservative tradition of Turkey's Ottoman past and its Islamic identity, [32] though the party strongly denies it is Islamist. The party has been credited by many with passing a series of reforms from to that increased accessibility to healthcare and housing, distributed food subsidies, increased funding for students, improved infrastructure in poorer districts, privatized state-owned businesses, increased civilian oversight of the powerful military, overcame economic crises and oversaw high rates of growth of GDP and per capita income. The AKP government has also lifted bans on religious and conservative dress e.

Islamic groups have increasingly had a substantial political impact throughout the Muslim world. Analyzing the differences between various types of Islamic groups is crucial to understanding the multiple aspects of this impact. The first one is an Islamist political party, which aspires to a top-down Islamization of socio-political life.

Но Хейл сидел на месте и помалкивал, поглощенный своим занятием. Ей было безразлично, чем именно он занят, лишь бы не заинтересовался включенным ТРАНСТЕКСТОМ. Пока этого, по-видимому, не случилось: цифра 16 в окне отсчета часов заставила бы его завопить от изумления. Сьюзан допивала уже третью чашку чая, когда это наконец произошло: компьютер пискнул. Пульс ее участился.

Взбираясь по решетчатым ступенькам, Сьюзан смотрела на массивную дубовую дверь кабинета, украшенную эмблемой АНБ, на которой был изображен могучий орел, терзающий когтями старинную отмычку. За этой дверью находился один из самых великих людей, которых ей довелось знать. Пятидесятишестилетний коммандер Стратмор, заместитель оперативного директора АНБ, был для нее почти как отец. Именно он принимал ее на работу, именно он сделал АНБ для нее родным домом. Когда десять лет назад Сьюзан поступила в агентство, Стратмор возглавлял Отдел развития криптографии, являвшийся тренировочной площадкой для новых криптографов, криптографов мужского пола.

Чатрукьян пнул ногой урну и выругался вслух - благо лаборатория была пуста: - Диагностика, черт ее дери. С каких это пор заместитель директора начал действовать в обход фильтров. Сотрудникам лаборатории платили хорошие деньги, чтобы они охраняли компьютерные системы АНБ, и Чатрукьян давно понял, что от него требуются две вещи: высочайший профессионализм и подозрительность, граничащая с паранойей. Черт возьми! - снова мысленно выругался .

Сьюзан, чуть подтолкнув, усадила его на место. - Нет! - рявкнула.  - Пойду я! - Ее тон говорил о том, что возражений она не потерпит.

3 Comments

Г‰mile V.
28.03.2021 at 10:53 - Reply

The Justice and Development Party is a socially conservative political party.

Evie F.
30.03.2021 at 19:10 - Reply

Turkey is the most recent and a very curious case where populism and neoliberalism concurred. After its economic crisis, not only the Turkish economy but.

Carlos C.
01.04.2021 at 05:36 - Reply

The Turkish elections of November brought a new Islamic-oriented political party to power, with almost two-thirds of the seats in Parliament.

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